Maine Coon Stomatitis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

One of the most adored cat breeds worldwide is the Maine Coon. They are a preferred choice for cat owners due to their huge size, sweetness, and loving personality, they are a popular choice for cat owners.

However, Maine Coon cats are prone to a chronic and painful dental condition called stomatitis.


Stomatitis is a disease that causes inflammation and ulcers in the cat’s mouth, leading to pain, discomfort, and difficulty eating. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention of Maine Coon stomatitis.

What is Maine Coon Stomatitis?

Maine Coon stomatitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the tissues around the teeth and gums of the cat. It is a type of feline gingivostomatitis, which is an autoimmune condition where the cat’s immune system overreacts to the presence of bacteria in the mouth.

Maine Coon cats are more susceptible to this condition than other breeds, and it usually appears in cats between the ages of 2 and 4.

Causes of Maine Coon Stomatitis

Maine Coon stomatitis is a painful and chronic inflammatory condition that affects the mouth and gums of Maine Coon cats.

The exact cause of this condition is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to an abnormal immune response to the bacteria that live in the mouth.

Here are some possible causes of Maine Coon stomatitis:

  • Genetics: Maine Coon cats may be more prone to developing stomatitis due to genetic factors.
  • Dental problems: Poor dental hygiene, gum disease, and tooth decay can lead to inflammation of the gums and the development of stomatitis.
  • Immune system dysfunction: A malfunctioning immune system may mistakenly attack healthy tissues in the mouth, leading to inflammation and stomatitis.
  • Viral infections: Certain viral infections, such as feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukemia virus (FeLV), may increase the risk of developing stomatitis.
  • Environmental factors: Exposure to toxins, such as cigarette smoke, may increase the risk of developing stomatitis.

If you suspect that your Maine Coon cat may have stomatitis, it is important to take them to the vet for a diagnosis and treatment plan.

Symptoms of Maine Coon Stomatitis

Symptoms of Maine Coon Stomatitis
Symptoms of Maine Coon Stomatitis

The symptoms of Maine Coon stomatitis can vary depending on the severity of the disease. Some of the most common symptoms include:

Bad breath

One of the first signs of Maine Coon stomatitis is bad breath. The odor is usually very strong and persistent.

Red, swollen gums

Inflamed gums are a typical sign of Maine Coon stomatitis. The gums may also appear shiny and bleed easily.

Difficulty eating

Cats with Maine Coon stomatitis may experience pain when eating or refuse to eat altogether. They may also drool excessively.

Weight loss

Due to the difficulty of eating, cats with Maine Coon stomatitis may lose weight.

Pawing at the mouth

Cats with Maine Coon stomatitis may paw at their mouth due to the discomfort and pain.

Treatment Options for Maine Coon Stomatitis

The treatment options for Maine Coon stomatitis depend on the severity of the disease. Here are some of the most common treatments:


Antibiotics are usually the first line of treatment for Maine Coon stomatitis. They help to reduce the inflammation and bacterial overgrowth in the mouth.


Steroids can help reduce inflammation and pain in cats with Maine Coon stomatitis. They are usually given in combination with antibiotics.

Tooth extraction

In severe cases of Maine Coon stomatitis, tooth extraction may be necessary. This is usually done to remove the teeth that are causing the most pain and inflammation.

Immunomodulatory drugs

Immunomodulatory drugs can help to modulate the cat’s immune system response. These drugs can be expensive, and their efficacy varies between individuals.

Prevention Measures for Maine Coon Stomatitis

Prevention is always better than cure. Stomatitis is a serious dental disease that can greatly affect a cat’s quality of life.

Prevention Measures for Maine Coon Stomatitis
Prevention Measures for Maine Coon Stomatitis

Early diagnosis and intervention can greatly improve the chances of successful treatment. If you suspect that your cat may have stomatitis, consult your veterinarian immediately.

Here are some measures you can take to prevent Maine Coon stomatitis:

Regular dental care

Regular dental care is crucial for maintaining the oral health of your Maine Coon. As a cat owner, you can take several measures to keep your cat’s teeth and gums healthy.

One of the most important things you can do is to brush your cat’s teeth regularly. This may take some time for your cat to get used to, but with patience and persistence, they will become more comfortable with the process. You can use a cat-specific toothbrush and toothpaste to clean your cat’s teeth.

It’s also important to take your Maine Coon for regular dental check-ups. Your veterinarian can examine your cat’s teeth and gums for signs of decay or inflammation. They may also recommend a professional teeth cleaning to remove any buildup of tartar or plaque.

In addition to regular dental care, feeding your cat a healthy diet can also help maintain their oral health. High-quality cat food can provide the necessary nutrients for strong teeth and gums.

Avoid giving your cat sugary treats or human food, as this can contribute to dental problems.

Finally, be sure to pay attention to any changes in your cat’s behavior or appetite. If your cat shows signs of dental pain or discomfort, such as pawing at their mouth or avoiding food, contact your veterinarian immediately.

Early intervention can help prevent dental problems from becoming severe.
By taking these steps, you can help ensure that your Maine Coon’s teeth and gums remain healthy and pain-free.

Healthy diet

A healthy diet is essential for your cat’s overall health, including their oral health. Provide them with high-quality food and avoid sugary treats.

Avoid smoking

Exposure to cigarette smoke can increase the risk of developing Maine Coon stomatitis. Avoid smoking around your cat.

Regular vet check-ups

Regular vet check-ups can help identify any oral health issues early and prevent the condition from becoming severe.

Maintain Maine Coon Health

A balanced diet is also essential for Maine Coon health. These cats require a high-quality, protein-rich diet to maintain their energy levels and prevent obesity.

Providing fresh water and monitoring their food intake can help prevent urinary tract infections and other health issues.

Finally, giving Maine Coon cats plenty of exercise and attention is vital for their physical and mental health. These cats love to play and interact with their owners, and regular playtime can help prevent obesity and boredom-related behaviors like destructive scratching and excessive meowing.

Overall, prioritizing Maine Coon health care is crucial for the happiness and longevity of these beloved pets. Learn more about Maine Coon Grooming


Maine Coon stomatitis is a painful and chronic condition affecting cats. While there is no cure, the condition can be managed with a combination of treatments.

Regular dental cleanings, good dental hygiene at home, a healthy diet, and prompt treatment of any infections can help reduce the risk of cats developing the condition. If you suspect your Maine Coon cat has stomatitis, consult with a veterinarian for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.


Is Maine Coon stomatitis contagious?

No, Maine Coon stomatitis is not contagious.

Can Maine Coon stomatitis be cured?

There is no cure for Maine Coon stomatitis, but the condition can be managed with a combination of treatments.

Can Maine Coon stomatitis be prevented?

While there is no surefire way to prevent Maine Coon stomatitis, there are steps that cat owners can take to reduce the risk of their cats developing the condition.